It is easy to see all CLI operations on buckets:

$ ais bucket <TAB-TAB>

ls        summary   lru       evict     show      create    cp        mv        rm        props

For convenience, a few of the most popular verbs are also aliased:

$ ais alias | grep bucket
cp              bucket cp
create          bucket create
evict           bucket evict
ls              bucket ls
rmb             bucket rm

For types of supported buckets (AIS, Cloud, backend, etc.) and many more examples, see in-depth overview.

Table of Contents

Create bucket

ais create BUCKET [BUCKET...]

Create bucket(s).

Examples

Create AIS bucket

Create buckets bucket_name1 and bucket_name2, both with AIS provider.

$ ais create ais://bucket_name1 ais://bucket_name2
"ais://bucket_name1" bucket created
"ais://bucket_name2" bucket created

Create AIS bucket in local namespace

Create bucket bucket_name in ml namespace.

$ ais create ais://#ml/bucket_name
"ais://#ml/bucket_name" bucket created

Create bucket in remote AIS cluster

Create bucket bucket_name in global namespace of AIS remote cluster with Bghort1l UUID.

$ ais create ais://@Bghort1l/bucket_name
"ais://@Bghort1l/bucket_name" bucket created

Create bucket bucket_name in ml namespace of AIS remote cluster with Bghort1l UUID.

$ ais create ais://@Bghort1l#ml/bucket_name
"ais://@Bghort1l#ml/bucket_name" bucket created

Create bucket with custom properties

Create bucket bucket_name with custom properties specified.

$ # Key-value format
$ ais create ais://@Bghort1l/bucket_name --props="mirror.enabled=true mirror.copies=2"
"ais://@Bghort1l/bucket_name" bucket created
$
$ # JSON format
$ ais create ais://@Bghort1l/bucket_name --props='{"versioning": {"enabled": true, "validate_warm_get": true}}'
"ais://@Bghort1l/bucket_name" bucket created

Incorrect buckets creation

$ ais create aws://bucket_name
Create bucket "aws://bucket_name" failed: creating a bucket for any of the cloud or HTTP providers is not supported

Delete bucket

ais bucket rm BUCKET [BUCKET...]

Delete an ais bucket or buckets.

Examples

Remove AIS buckets

Remove AIS buckets bucket_name1 and bucket_name2.

$ ais bucket rm ais://bucket_name1 ais://bucket_name2
"ais://bucket_name1" bucket destroyed
"ais://bucket_name2" bucket destroyed

Remove AIS bucket in local namespace

Remove bucket bucket_name from ml namespace.

$ ais bucket rm ais://#ml/bucket_name
"ais://#ml/bucket_name" bucket destroyed

Remove bucket in remote AIS cluster

Remove bucket bucket_name from global namespace of AIS remote cluster with Bghort1l UUID.

$ ais bucket rm ais://@Bghort1l/bucket_name
"ais://@Bghort1l/bucket_name" bucket destroyed

Remove bucket bucket_name from ml namespace of AIS remote cluster with Bghort1l UUID.

$ ais bucket rm ais://@Bghort1l#ml/bucket_name
"ais://@Bghort1l#ml/bucket_name" bucket destroyed

Incorrect buckets removal

Removing remote buckets is not supported.

$ ais bucket rm aws://bucket_name
Operation "destroy-bck" is not supported by "aws://bucket_name"

List buckets

ais ls [command options] PROVIDER:[//BUCKET_NAME]

Notice the optional [//BUCKET_NAME]. When there’s no bucket, ais ls will list buckets. Otherwise, it’ll list objects.

Usage

$ ais ls --help
NAME:
   ais ls - (alias for "bucket ls") list buckets, objects in buckets, and files in (.tar, .tgz or .tar.gz, .zip, .tar.lz4)-formatted objects,
   e.g.:
     * ais ls                                              - list all buckets in a cluster (all providers);
     * ais ls ais://abc -props name,size,copies,location   - list all objects from a given bucket, include only the (4) specified properties;
     * ais ls ais://abc -props all                         - same as above but include all properties;
     * ais ls ais://abc --page-size 20 --refresh 3s        - list a very large bucket (20 items in each page), report progress every 3s;
     * ais ls ais                                          - list all ais buckets;
     * ais ls s3                                           - list all s3 buckets that are present in the cluster;
     * ais ls s3 --all                                     - list all s3 buckets, both present and remote;
   with template, regex, and/or prefix:
     * ais ls gs: --regex "^abc" --all                        - list all accessible GCP buckets with names starting with "abc";
     * ais ls ais://abc --regex ".md" --props size,checksum   - list *.md objects with their respective sizes and checksums;
     * ais ls gs://abc --template images/                     - list all objects from the virtual subdirectory called "images";
     * ais ls gs://abc --prefix images/                       - same as above (for more examples, see '--template' below);
   and summary (stats):
     * ais ls s3 --summary         - for each s3 bucket in the cluster: print object numbers and total size(s);
     * ais ls s3 --summary --all   - generate summary report for all s3 buckets; include remote objects and buckets that are _not present_

Assorted options

The options are numerous. Here’s a non-exhaustive list (for the most recent update, run ais ls --help)

OPTIONS:
   --all                depending on the context:
                        - all objects in a given bucket, including misplaced and copies, or
                        - all buckets, including accessible (visible) remote buckets that are _not present_ in the cluster
   --cached             list only those objects from a remote bucket that are present ("cached")
   --name-only          faster request to retrieve only the names of objects (if defined, '--props' flag will be ignored)
   --props value        comma-separated list of object properties including name, size, version, copies, and more; e.g.:
                        --props all
                        --props name,size,cached
                        --props "ec, copies, custom, location"
   --regex value        regular expression; use it to match either bucket names or objects in a given bucket, e.g.:
                        ais ls --regex "(m|n)"         - match buckets such as ais://nnn, s3://mmm, etc.;
                        ais ls ais://nnn --regex "^A"  - match object names starting with letter A
   --summary            show object numbers, bucket sizes, and used capacity; applies _only_ to buckets and objects that are _present_ in the cluster
   --units value        show statistics and/or parse command-line specified sizes using one of the following _units of measurement_:
                        iec - IEC format, e.g.: KiB, MiB, GiB (default)
                        si  - SI (metric) format, e.g.: KB, MB, GB
                        raw - do not convert to (or from) human-readable format
   --no-headers, -H     display tables without headers
   --no-footers         display tables without footers

ais ls --regex "ngn*"

List all buckets matching the ngn* regex expression.

ais ls aws: or (same) ais ls s3

List all existing buckets for the specific provider.

ais ls aws --all or (same) ais ls s3: --all

List absolutely all buckets that cluster can “see” inclduing those that are not necessarily present in the cluster.

ais ls ais:// or (same) ais ls ais

List all AIS buckets.

ais ls ais://#name

List all buckets for the ais provider and name namespace.

ais ls ais://@uuid#namespace

List all remote AIS buckets that have uuid#namespace namespace. Note that:

  • the uuid must be the remote cluster UUID (or its alias)
  • while the namespace is optional name of the remote namespace

As a rule of thumb, when a (logical) #namespace in the bucket’s name is omitted we use the global namespace that always exists.

List objects

ais ls is one of those commands that only keeps growing, in terms of supported options and capabilities.

The command:

ais ls [command options] PROVIDER:[//BUCKET_NAME]

can conveniently list buckets (with or without “summarizing” object counts and sizes) and objects.

Notice the optional [//BUCKET_NAME]. When there’s no bucket, ais ls will list buckets. Otherwise, it’ll list objects.

The command’s inline help is also quite extensive, with (inline) examples followed by numerous supported options:

$ ais ls --help
NAME:
   ais ls - (alias for "bucket ls") list buckets, objects in buckets, and files in (.tar, .tgz or .tar.gz, .zip, .tar.lz4)-formatted objects,
   e.g.:
     * ais ls                                              - list all buckets in a cluster (all providers);
     * ais ls ais://abc -props name,size,copies,location   - list all objects from a given bucket, include only the (4) specified properties;
     * ais ls ais://abc -props all                         - same as above but include all properties;
     * ais ls ais://abc --page-size 20 --refresh 3s        - list a very large bucket (20 items in each page), report progress every 3s;
     * ais ls ais                                          - list all ais buckets;
     * ais ls s3                                           - list all s3 buckets that are present in the cluster;
     * ais ls s3 --all                                     - list all s3 buckets, both in-cluster and remote;
   with template, regex, and/or prefix:
     * ais ls gs: --regex "^abc" --all                        - list all accessible GCP buckets with names starting with "abc";
     * ais ls ais://abc --regex ".md" --props size,checksum   - list *.md objects with their respective sizes and checksums;
     * ais ls gs://abc --template images/                     - list all objects from the virtual subdirectory called "images";
     * ais ls gs://abc --prefix images/                       - same as above (for more examples, see '--template' below);
   with in-cluster vs remote content comparison (diff):
     * ais ls s3://abc --check-versions           - for each remote object in s3://abc: check whether it has identical in-cluster copy,
                                                    and show missing objects
     * ais ls s3://abc --check-versions --cached  - for each in-cluster object in s3://abc: check whether it has identical remote copy,
                                                    and show deleted objects
   with summary (stats):
     * ais ls s3 --summary                   - for each s3 bucket in the cluster: print object numbers and total size(s);
     * ais ls s3 --summary --all             - generate summary report for all s3 buckets; include remote objects and buckets that are _not present_
     * ais ls s3 --summary --all --dont-add  - same as above but without adding _non-present_ remote buckets to cluster's BMD

USAGE:
   ais ls [command options] PROVIDER:[//BUCKET_NAME]

OPTIONS:
   --all                depending on the context, list:
                        - all buckets, including accessible (visible) remote buckets that are _not present_ in the cluster
                        - all objects in a given accessible (visible) bucket, including remote objects and misplaced copies
   --cached             list only those objects from a remote bucket that are present ("cached")
   --name-only          faster request to retrieve only the names of objects (if defined, '--props' flag will be ignored)
   --props value        comma-separated list of object properties including name, size, version, copies, and more; e.g.:
                        --props all
                        --props name,size,cached
                        --props "ec, copies, custom, location"
   --regex value        regular expression; use it to match either bucket names or objects in a given bucket, e.g.:
                        ais ls --regex "(m|n)"         - match buckets such as ais://nnn, s3://mmm, etc.;
                        ais ls ais://nnn --regex "^A"  - match object names starting with letter A
   --template value     template to match object or file names; may contain prefix (that could be empty) with zero or more ranges
                        (with optional steps and gaps), e.g.:
                        --template "" # (an empty or '*' template matches eveything)
                        --template 'dir/subdir/'
                        --template 'shard-{1000..9999}.tar'
                        --template "prefix-{0010..0013..2}-gap-{1..2}-suffix"
                        and similarly, when specifying files and directories:
                        --template '/home/dir/subdir/'
                        --template "/abc/prefix-{0010..9999..2}-suffix"
   --prefix value       list objects that have names starting with the specified prefix, e.g.:
                        '--prefix a/b/c' - list virtual directory a/b/c and/or objects from the virtual directory
                        a/b that have their names (relative to this directory) starting with the letter 'c'
   --page-size value    maximum number of names per page (0 - the maximum is defined by the corresponding backend) (default: 0)
   --paged              list objects page by page, one page at a time (see also '--page-size' and '--limit')
   --limit value        limit object name count (0 - unlimited) (default: 0)
   --refresh value      interval for continuous monitoring;
                        valid time units: ns, us (or µs), ms, s (default), m, h
   --show-unmatched     list also objects that were _not_ matched by regex and/or template (range)
   --no-headers, -H     display tables without headers
   --no-footers         display tables without footers
   --max-pages value    display up to this number pages of bucket objects (default: 0)
   --start-after value  list bucket's content alphabetically starting with the first name _after_ the specified
   --summary            show object numbers, bucket sizes, and used capacity;
                        note: applies only to buckets and objects that are _present_ in the cluster
   --skip-lookup        do not execute HEAD(bucket) request to lookup remote bucket and its properties; possible usage scenarios include:
                         1) adding remote bucket to aistore without first checking the bucket's accessibility
                            (e.g., to configure the bucket's aistore properties with alternative security profile and/or endpoint)
                         2) listing public-access Cloud buckets where certain operations (e.g., 'HEAD(bucket)') may be disallowed
   --dont-add           list remote bucket without adding it to cluster's metadata
                          - let's say, s3://abc is accessible but not present in the cluster (e.g., 'ais ls' returns error);
                          - then, if we ask aistore to list remote buckets: `ais ls s3://abc --all'
                            the bucket will be added (in effect, it'll be created);
                          - to prevent this from happening, either use this '--dont-add' flag or run 'ais evict' command later
   --archive            list archived content (see docs/archive.md for details)
   --units value        show statistics and/or parse command-line specified sizes using one of the following _units of measurement_:
                        iec - IEC format, e.g.: KiB, MiB, GiB (default)
                        si  - SI (metric) format, e.g.: KB, MB, GB
                        raw - do not convert to (or from) human-readable format
   --silent             server-side flag, an indication for aistore _not_ to log assorted errors (e.g., HEAD(object) failures)
   --dont-wait          when _summarizing_ buckets do not wait for the respective job to finish -
                        use the job's UUID to query the results interactively
   --check-versions     check whether listed remote objects and their in-cluster copies are identical, ie., have the same versions
                        - applies to remote backends that maintain at least some form of versioning information (e.g., version, checksum, ETag)
                        - see related: 'ais get --latest', 'ais cp --sync', 'ais prefetch --latest'
   --help, -h           show help

Assorted options

Name Type Description Default
--regex string regular expression to match and select items in question ""
--template string template for matching object names, e.g.: ‘shard-{900..999}.tar’ ""
--prefix string list objects matching a given prefix ""
--page-size int maximum number of names per page (0 - the maximum is defined by the corresponding backend) 0
--props string comma-separated list of object properties including name, size, version, copies, EC data and parity info, custom metadata, location, and more; to include all properties, type ‘--props all’ (default: “name,size”) "name,size"
--limit int limit object name count (0 - unlimited) 0
--show-unmatched bool list objects that were not matched by regex and/or template false
--all bool depending on context: all objects (including misplaced ones and copies) or all buckets (including remote buckets that are not present in the cluster) false
-no-headers, -H bool display tables without headers false
--no-footers bool display tables without footers false
--paged bool list objects page by page, one page at a time (see also ‘--page-size’ and ‘--limit’) false
--max-pages int display up to this number pages of bucket objects (default: 0) 0
--marker string list bucket’s content alphabetically starting with the first name after the specified ""
--start-after string Object name (marker) after which the listing should start ""
--cached bool list only those objects from a remote bucket that are present (“cached”) false
--skip-lookup bool list public-access Cloud buckets that may disallow certain operations (e.g., HEAD(bucket)); use this option for performance or to read Cloud buckets that allow anonymous access false
--archive bool list archived content false
--check-versions bool check whether listed remote objects and their in-cluster copies are identical, ie., have the same versions; applies to remote backends that maintain at least some form of versioning information (e.g., version, checksum, ETag) false
--summary bool show bucket sizes and used capacity; by default, applies only to the buckets that are present in the cluster (use ‘--all’ option to override) false
--bytes bool show sizes in bytes (ie., do not convert to KiB, MiB, GiB, etc.) false
--name-only bool fast request to retrieve only the names of objects in the bucket; if defined, all comma-separated fields in the --props flag will be ignored with only two exceptions: name and status false

Examples

List AIS and Cloud buckets with all defaults

List objects in the AIS bucket bucket_name.

$ ais ls ais://bucket_name
NAME		SIZE
shard-0.tar	16.00KiB
shard-1.tar	16.00KiB
...

List objects in the remote bucket bucket_name.

ais ls aws://bucket_name
NAME		SIZE
shard-0.tar	16.00KiB
shard-1.tar	16.00KiB
...

Include all properties

# ais ls gs://webdataset-abc --skip-lookup --props all
NAME                             SIZE          CHECKSUM                           ATIME   VERSION                 CACHED  TARGET URL            STATUS  COPIES
coco-train2014-seg-000000.tar    958.48MiB     bdb89d1b854040b6050319e80ef44dde           1657297128665686        no      http://aistore:8081   ok      0
coco-train2014-seg-000001.tar    958.47MiB     8b94939b7d166114498e794859fb472c           1657297129387272        no      http://aistore:8081   ok      0
coco-train2014-seg-000002.tar    958.47MiB     142a8e81f965f9bcafc8b04eda65a0ce           1657297129904067        no      http://aistore:8081   ok      0
coco-train2014-seg-000003.tar    958.22MiB     113024d5def81365cbb6c404c908efb1           1657297130555590        no      http://aistore:8081   ok      0
...

List bucket from AIS remote cluster

List objects in the bucket bucket_name and ml namespace contained on AIS remote cluster with Bghort1l UUID.

$ ais ls ais://@Bghort1l#ml/bucket_name
NAME		SIZE		VERSION
shard-0.tar	16.00KiB	1
shard-1.tar	16.00KiB	1
...

With prefix

List objects which match given prefix.

$ ais ls ais://bucket_name --prefix "shard-1"
NAME		SIZE		VERSION
shard-1.tar	16.00KiB	1
shard-10.tar	16.00KiB	1

List archived contect

$ ais ls ais://abc/ --prefix log
NAME             SIZE
log.tar.gz      3.11KiB

$ ais ls ais://abc/ --prefix log --archive
NAME                                             SIZE
log.tar.gz                                       3.11KiB
    log2.tar.gz/t_2021-07-27_14-08-50.log        959B
    log2.tar.gz/t_2021-07-27_14-10-36.log        959B
    log2.tar.gz/t_2021-07-27_14-12-18.log        959B
    log2.tar.gz/t_2021-07-27_14-13-23.log        295B
    log2.tar.gz/t_2021-07-27_14-13-31.log        1.02KiB
    log2.tar.gz/t_2021-07-27_14-14-16.log        1.71KiB
    log2.tar.gz/t_2021-07-27_14-15-15.log        1.90KiB

List anonymously (i.e., list public-access Cloud bucket)

$ ais ls gs://webdataset-abc --skip-lookup
NAME                             SIZE
coco-train2014-seg-000000.tar    958.48MiB
coco-train2014-seg-000001.tar    958.47MiB
coco-train2014-seg-000002.tar    958.47MiB
coco-train2014-seg-000003.tar    958.22MiB
coco-train2014-seg-000004.tar    958.56MiB
coco-train2014-seg-000005.tar    958.19MiB
...

Use ‘--prefix’ that crosses shard boundary

For starters, we archive all aistore docs:

$ ais put docs ais://A.tar --archive -r

To list a certain virtual subdirectory inside this newly created shard:

$ ais archive ls ais://nnn --prefix "A.tar/tutorials"
NAME                                             SIZE
    A.tar/tutorials/README.md                    561B
    A.tar/tutorials/etl/compute_md5.md           8.28KiB
    A.tar/tutorials/etl/etl_imagenet_pytorch.md  4.16KiB
    A.tar/tutorials/etl/etl_webdataset.md        3.97KiB
Listed: 4 names

or, same:

$ ais ls ais://nnn --prefix "A.tar/tutorials" --archive
NAME                                             SIZE
    A.tar/tutorials/README.md                    561B
    A.tar/tutorials/etl/compute_md5.md           8.28KiB
    A.tar/tutorials/etl/etl_imagenet_pytorch.md  4.16KiB
    A.tar/tutorials/etl/etl_webdataset.md        3.97KiB
Listed: 4 names

Evict remote bucket

ais bucket evict BUCKET

Evict a remote bucket. It also resets the properties of the bucket (if changed). All data from the remote bucket stored in the cluster will be removed, and AIS will stop keeping track of the remote bucket. Read more about this feature here.

$ ais bucket evict aws://abc
"aws://abc" bucket evicted

# Dry run: the cluster will not be modified
$ ais bucket evict --dry-run aws://abc
[DRY RUN] No modifications on the cluster
EVICT: "aws://abc"

# Only evict the remote bucket's data (AIS will retain the bucket's metadata)
$ ais bucket evict --keep-md aws://abc
"aws://abc" bucket evicted

Here’s a fuller example that lists remote bucket and then reads and evicts a selected object:

$ ais ls gs://wrQkliptRt
NAME             SIZE
TDXBNBEZNl.tar   8.50KiB
qFpwOOifUe.tar   8.50KiB
thmdpZXetG.tar   8.50KiB

$ ais get gcp://wrQkliptRt/qFpwOOifUe.tar /tmp/qFpwOOifUe.tar
GET "qFpwOOifUe.tar" from bucket "gcp://wrQkliptRt" as "/tmp/qFpwOOifUe.tar" [8.50KiB]

$ ais ls gs://wrQkliptRt --props all
NAME             SIZE            CHECKSUM                                ATIME                   VERSION                 CACHED  STATUS  COPIES
TDXBNBEZNl.tar   8.50KiB         33345a69bade096a30abd42058da4537                                1622133976984266        no      ok      0
qFpwOOifUe.tar   8.50KiB         47dd59e41f6b7723                        28 May 21 12:02 PDT     1622133846120151        yes     ok      1
thmdpZXetG.tar   8.50KiB         cfe0c386e91daa1571d6a659f49b1408                                1622137609269706        no      ok      0

$ ais bucket evict gcp://wrQkliptRt
"gcp://wrQkliptRt" bucket evicted

$ ais ls gs://wrQkliptRt --props all
NAME             SIZE            CHECKSUM                                ATIME   VERSION                 CACHED  STATUS  COPIES
TDXBNBEZNl.tar   8.50KiB         33345a69bade096a30abd42058da4537                1622133976984266        no      ok      0
qFpwOOifUe.tar   8.50KiB         8b5919c0850a07d931c3c46ed9101eab                1622133846120151        no      ok      0
thmdpZXetG.tar   8.50KiB         cfe0c386e91daa1571d6a659f49b1408                1622137609269706        no      ok      0

Move or Rename a bucket

ais bucket mv BUCKET NEW_BUCKET

Move (ie. rename) an AIS bucket. If the NEW_BUCKET already exists, the mv operation will not proceed.

Cloud bucket move is not supported.

Examples

Move AIS bucket

Move AIS bucket bucket_name to AIS bucket new_bucket_name.

$ ais bucket mv ais://bucket_name ais://new_bucket_name
Moving bucket "ais://bucket_name" to "ais://new_bucket_name" in progress.
To check the status, run: ais show job xaction mvlb ais://new_bucket_name

Copy bucket

ais cp [command options] SRC_BUCKET[/OBJECT_NAME_or_TEMPLATE] DST_BUCKET

Source bucket must exist. When the destination bucket is remote (e.g. in the Cloud) it must also exist and be writeable.

NOTE: there’s no requirement that either of the buckets is present in aistore.

NOTE: not to confuse in-cluster presence and existence. Remote object may exist (remotely), etc.

Moreover, when the destination is AIS (ais://) or remote AIS (ais://@remote-alias) bucket, the existence is optional: the destination will be created on the fly, with bucket properties copied from the source (SRC_BUCKET).

Finally, the option to copy remote bucket onto itself is also supported - syntax-wise. Here’s an example that’ll shed some light:

## 1. at first, we don't have any gs:// buckets in the cluster

$ ais ls gs
No "gs://" buckets in the cluster. Use '--all' option to list matching remote buckets, if any.

## 2. notwithstanding, we go ahead and start copying gs://coco-dataset

$ ais cp gs://coco-dataset gs://coco-dataset --prefix d-tokens --progress --all
Copied objects:                  282/393 [===========================================>------------------] 72 %
Copied size:    719.48 MiB / 1000.08 MiB [============================================>-----------------] 72 %

## 3. and done: all 393 objects from the remote bucket are now present ("cached") in the cluster

$ ais ls gs://coco-dataset --cached | grep Listed
Listed: 393 names

Incidentally, notice the --cached difference:

$ ais ls gs://coco-dataset --cached | grep Listed
Listed: 393 names

## vs _all_ including remote:

$ ais ls gs://coco-dataset | grep Listed
Listed: 2,290 names

Options

$ ais cp --help
NAME:
   ais cp - (alias for "bucket cp") copy entire bucket or selected objects (to select, use '--list', '--template', or '--prefix'), e.g.:
     - 'ais cp gs://webdaset-coco ais://dst'  - copy entire Cloud bucket;
     - 'ais cp s3://abc ais://nnn --all'      - copy entire Cloud bucket that may not be _present_ in the cluster;
     - 'ais cp s3://abc gs://xyz --all'       - copy Cloud bucket to another Cloud;
     - 'ais cp s3://abc ais://nnn --latest'   - copy Cloud bucket, and make sure that already present in-cluster copies are updated to the latest (remote) versions;
     - 'ais cp s3://abc ais://nnn --sync'     - same as above, but in addition delete in-cluster copies that do not exist (any longer) in the source bucket
   with template, prefix, and/or progress bar:
     - 'ais cp ais://nnn/111 ais://mmm'                                                           - copy a single object (assuming, prefix '111' corresponds to a single object);
     - 'ais cp gs://webdataset-coco ais:/dst --template d-tokens/shard-{000000..000999}.tar.lz4'  - copy up to 1000 objects that share the specified prefix;
     - 'ais cp gs://webdataset-coco ais:/dst --prefix d-tokens/ --progress --all'                 - show progress while copying virtual subdirectory 'd-tokens'

USAGE:
   ais cp [command options] SRC_BUCKET[/OBJECT_NAME_or_TEMPLATE] DST_BUCKET

OPTIONS:
   --list value      comma-separated list of object or file names, e.g.:
                     --list 'o1,o2,o3'
                     --list "abc/1.tar, abc/1.cls, abc/1.jpeg"
                     or, when listing files and/or directories:
                     --list "/home/docs, /home/abc/1.tar, /home/abc/1.jpeg"
   --template value  template to match object or file names; may contain prefix (that could be empty) with zero or more ranges
                     (with optional steps and gaps), e.g.:
                     --template "" # (an empty or '*' template matches eveything)
                     --template 'dir/subdir/'
                     --template 'shard-{1000..9999}.tar'
                     --template "prefix-{0010..0013..2}-gap-{1..2}-suffix"
                     and similarly, when specifying files and directories:
                     --template '/home/dir/subdir/'
                     --template "/abc/prefix-{0010..9999..2}-suffix"
   --prefix value    select objects that have names starting with the specified prefix, e.g.:
                     '--prefix a/b/c'   - matches names 'a/b/c/d', 'a/b/cdef', and similar;
                     '--prefix a/b/c/'  - only matches objects from the virtual directory a/b/c/
   --all             copy all objects from a remote bucket including those that are not present (not "cached") in the cluster
   --cont-on-err     keep running archiving xaction (job) in presence of errors in a any given multi-object transaction
   --force, -f       force an action
   --dry-run         show total size of new objects without really creating them
   --prepend value   prefix to prepend to every copied object name, e.g.:
                     --prepend=abc   - prefix all copied object names with "abc"
                     --prepend=abc/  - copy objects into a virtual directory "abc" (note trailing filepath separator)
   --progress        show progress bar(s) and progress of execution in real time
   --refresh value   interval for continuous monitoring;
                     valid time units: ns, us (or µs), ms, s (default), m, h
   --wait            wait for an asynchronous operation to finish (optionally, use '--timeout' to limit the waiting time)
   --timeout value   maximum time to wait for a job to finish; if omitted: wait forever or until Ctrl-C;
                     valid time units: ns, us (or µs), ms, s (default), m, h
   --latest          check in-cluster metadata and, possibly, GET, download, prefetch, or copy the latest object version
                     from the associated remote bucket:
                      - provides operation-level control over object versioning (and version synchronization)
                        without requiring to change bucket configuration
                      - the latter can be done using 'ais bucket props set BUCKET versioning'
                      - see also: 'ais ls --check-versions', 'ais cp', 'ais prefetch', 'ais get'
   --sync            synchronize destination bucket with its remote (e.g., Cloud or remote AIS) source;
                     the option is a stronger variant of the '--latest' (option) - in addition it entails
                     removing of the objects that no longer exist remotely
                     (see also: 'ais show bucket versioning' and the corresponding documentation)
   --help, -h        show help

Examples

Copy non-existing remote bucket to a non-existing in-cluster destination

$ ais ls s3
No "s3://" buckets in the cluster. Use '--all' option to list matching remote buckets, if any.

$ ais cp s3://abc ais://nnn --all
Warning: destination ais://nnn doesn't exist and will be created with configuration copied from the source (s3://abc))
Copying s3://abc => ais://nnn. To monitor the progress, run 'ais show job tco-JcTKbhvFy'

Copy AIS bucket

Copy AIS bucket src_bucket to AIS bucket dst_bucket.

$ ais cp ais://src_bucket ais://dst_bucket
Copying bucket "ais://bucket_name" to "ais://dst_bucket" in progress.
To check the status, run: ais show job xaction copy-bck ais://dst_bucket

Copy AIS bucket and wait until the job finishes

The same as above, but wait until copying is finished.

$ ais cp ais://src_bucket ais://dst_bucket --wait

Copy cloud bucket to another cloud bucket

Copy AWS bucket src_bucket to AWS bucket dst_bucket.

# Make sure that both buckets exist.
$ ais ls aws://
AWS Buckets (2)
  aws://src_bucket
  aws://dst_bucket
$ ais cp aws://src_bucket aws://dst_bucket
Copying bucket "aws://src_bucket" to "aws://dst_bucket" in progress.
To check the status, run: ais show job xaction copy-bck aws://dst_bucket

Copy multiple objects

The same ais cp command can also copy multiple selected objects. Here’s the corresponding excerpt from the inline help:

$ ais cp --help
NAME:
   ais cp - (alias for "bucket cp") copy entire bucket or selected objects (to select multiple, use '--list' or '--template')

USAGE:
   ais cp [command options] SRC_BUCKET[/OBJECT_NAME_or_TEMPLATE] DST_BUCKET

OPTIONS:
   --list value      comma-separated list of object or file names, e.g.:
                     --list 'o1,o2,o3'
                     --list "abc/1.tar, abc/1.cls, abc/1.jpeg"
                     or, when listing files and/or directories:
                     --list "/home/docs, /home/abc/1.tar, /home/abc/1.jpeg"
   --template value  template to match object or file names; may contain prefix (that could be empty) with zero or more ranges
                     (with optional steps and gaps), e.g.:
                     --template "" # (an empty or '*' template matches eveything)
                     --template 'dir/subdir/'
                     --template 'shard-{1000..9999}.tar'
                     --template "prefix-{0010..0013..2}-gap-{1..2}-suffix"
                     and similarly, when specifying files and directories:
                     --template '/home/dir/subdir/'
                     --template "/abc/prefix-{0010..9999..2}-suffix"
   --prefix value    select objects that have names starting with the specified prefix, e.g.:
                     '--prefix a/b/c'   - matches names 'a/b/c/d', 'a/b/cdef', and similar;
                     '--prefix a/b/c/'  - only matches objects from the virtual directory a/b/c/
   --all             copy all objects from a remote bucket including those that are not present (not "cached") in the cluster
...
...

Examples

1. Copy objects obj1.tar and obj1.info from bucket ais://bck1 to ais://bck2, and wait until the operation finishes

$ ais cp ais://bck1 ais://bck2 --list obj1.tar,obj1.info --wait
copying objects operation ("ais://bck1" => "ais://bck2") is in progress...
copying objects operation succeeded.

2. Copy objects matching Bash brace-expansion `obj{2..4}, do not wait for the operation is done.

$ ais cp ais://bck1 ais://bck2 --template "obj{2..4}"
copying objects operation ("ais://bck1" => "ais://bck2") is in progress...
To check the status, run: ais show job xaction copy-bck ais://bck2

3. Use --sync option to copy remote virtual subdirectory

$ ais cp gs://coco-dataset --sync --prefix d-tokens
Copying objects gs://coco-dataset. To monitor the progress, run 'ais show job tco-kJPUtYJld'

In the example, --sync synchronizes destination bucket with its remote (e.g., Cloud) source.

In particular, the option will make sure that aistore has the latest versions of remote objects and may also entail removing of the objects that no longer exist remotely

See also

Example copying buckets and multi-objects with simultaneous synchronization

There’s a script that we use for testing. When run, it produces the following output:

$ ./ais/test/scripts/cp-sync-remais-out-of-band.sh --bucket gs://abc

 1. generate and write 500 random shards => gs://abc
 2. copy gs://abc => ais://dst-9408
 3. remove 10 shards from the source
 4. copy gs://abc => ais://dst-9408 w/ synchronization ('--sync' option)
 5. remove another 10 shards
 6. copy multiple objects using bash-expansion defined range and '--sync'
 #
 # out of band DELETE using remote AIS (remais)
 #
 7. use remote AIS cluster ("remais") to out-of-band remove 10 shards from the source
 8. copy gs://abc => ais://dst-9408 w/ --sync
 9. when copying, we always synchronize content of the in-cluster source as well
10. use remais to out-of-band remove 10 more shards from gs://abc source
11. copy a range of shards from gs://abc to ais://dst-9408, and compare
12. and again: when copying, we always synchronize content of the in-cluster source as well
 #
 # out of band ADD using remote AIS (remais)
 #
13. use remais to out-of-band add (i.e., PUT) 17 new shards
14. copy a range of shards from gs://abc to ais://dst-9408, and check whether the destination has new shards
15. compare the contents but NOTE: as of v3.22, this part requires multi-object copy (using '--list' or '--template')

The script executes a sequence of steps (above).

Notice a certain limitation (that also shows up as the last step #15):

  • As of the version 3.22, aistore cp commands will always synchronize deleted and updated remote content.

  • However, to see an out-of-band added content, you currently need to run multi-object copy, with multiple source objects specified using --list or --template.

  • See ais cp --help for details.

Show bucket summary

`ais storage summary [command options] PROVIDER:[//BUCKET_NAME] - show bucket sizes and the respective percentages of used capacity on a per-bucket basis

ais bucket summary - same as above.

Options

NAME:
   ais storage summary - show bucket sizes and %% of used capacity on a per-bucket basis

USAGE:
   ais storage summary [command options] PROVIDER:[//BUCKET_NAME]

OPTIONS:
   --refresh value   interval for continuous monitoring;
                     valid time units: ns, us (or µs), ms, s (default), m, h
   --count value     used together with '--refresh' to limit the number of generated reports, e.g.:
                      '--refresh 10 --count 5' - run 5 times with 10s interval (default: 0)
   --prefix value    for each bucket, select only those objects (names) that start with the specified prefix, e.g.:
                     '--prefix a/b/c' - sum-up sizes of the virtual directory a/b/c and objects from the virtual directory
                     a/b that have names (relative to this directory) starting with the letter c
   --cached          list only those objects from a remote bucket that are present ("cached")
   --units value     show statistics and/or parse command-line specified sizes using one of the following _units of measurement_:
                     iec - IEC format, e.g.: KiB, MiB, GiB (default)
                     si  - SI (metric) format, e.g.: KB, MB, GB
                     raw - do not convert to (or from) human-readable format
   --verbose, -v     verbose output
   --dont-wait       when _summarizing_ buckets do not wait for the respective job to finish -
                     use the job's UUID to query the results interactively
   --no-headers, -H  display tables without headers
   --help, -h        show help

If BUCKET is omitted, the command applies to all AIS buckets.

The output includes the total number of objects in a bucket, the bucket’s size (bytes, megabytes, etc.), and the percentage of the total capacity used by the bucket.

A few additional words must be said about --validate. The option is provided to run integrity checks, namely: locations of objects, replicas, and EC slices in the bucket, the number of replicas (and whether this number agrees with the bucket configuration), and more.

Location of each stored object must at any point in time correspond to the current cluster map and, within each storage target, to the target’s mountpaths. A failure to abide by location rules is called misplacement; misplaced objects - if any - must be migrated to their proper locations via automated processes called global rebalance and resilver:

Notes

  1. --validate may take considerable time to execute (depending, of course, on sizes of the datasets in question and the capabilities of the underlying hardware);
  2. non-zero misplaced objects in the (validated) output is a direct indication that the cluster requires rebalancing and/or resilvering;
  3. --fast=false is another command line option that may also significantly increase execution time;
  4. by default, --fast is set to true, which also means that bucket summary executes a faster logic (that may have a certain minor speed/accuracy trade-off);
  5. to obtain the most precise results, run the command with --fast=false - and prepare to wait.

Examples

# 1. show summary for a specific bucket
$ ais bucket summary ais://abc
NAME             OBJECTS         SIZE ON DISK    USAGE(%)
ais://abc        10902           5.38GiB         1%

For min/avg/max object sizes, use `--fast=false`.
# 2. "summarize" all buckets(*)
$ ais bucket summary
NAME             OBJECTS         SIZE ON DISK    USAGE(%)
ais://abc        10902           5.38GiB         1%
ais://nnn        49873           200.00MiB       0%
# 3.  "summarize" all s3:// buckets; count both "cached" and remote objects:
$ ais bucket summary s3: --all
# 4. same as above with progress updates every 3 seconds:
$ ais bucket summary s3: --all --refresh 3
# 4. "summarize" a given gs:// bucket; start the job and exit without waiting for it to finish
# (see prompt below):
$ ais bucket summary gs://abc --all --dont-wait

Job summary[wl-s5lIWA] has started. To monitor, run 'ais storage summary gs://abc wl-s5lIWA --dont-wait' or 'ais show job wl-s5lIWA;
see '--help' for details'

Start N-way Mirroring

ais start mirror BUCKET --copies <value>

Start an extended action to bring a given bucket to a certain redundancy level (value copies). Read more about this feature here.

Options

Flag Type Description Default
--copies int Number of copies 1

Start Erasure Coding

ais ec-encode BUCKET --data-slices <value> --parity-slices <value>

Start an extended action that enables data protection for a given bucket and encodes all its objects. Erasure coding must be disabled for the bucket prior to running ec-encode extended action. Read more about this feature here.

Options

Flag Type Description
--data-slices, --data, -d int Number of data slices
--parity-slices, --parity, -p int Number of parity slices

All options are required and must be greater than 0.

Show bucket properties

Overall, the topic called “bucket properties” is rather involved and includes sub-topics “bucket property inhertance” and “cluster-wide global defaults”. For background, please first see:

Now, as far as CLI, run the following to list properties of the specified bucket. By default, a certain compact form of bucket props sections is presented.

ais bucket props show BUCKET [PROP_PREFIX]

When PROP_PREFIX is set, only props that start with PROP_PREFIX will be displayed. Useful PROP_PREFIX are: access, checksum, ec, lru, mirror, provider, versioning.

ais bucket show is an alias for ais show bucket - both can be used interchangeably.

Options

Flag Type Description Default
--json bool Output in JSON format false
--compact, -c bool Show list of properties in compact human-readable mode false

Examples

Show bucket props with provided section

Show only lru section of bucket props for bucket_name bucket.

$ ais bucket props show s3://bucket-name --compact
PROPERTY	 VALUE
access		 GET,HEAD-OBJECT,PUT,APPEND,DELETE-OBJECT,MOVE-OBJECT,PROMOTE,UPDATE-OBJECT,HEAD-BUCKET,LIST-OBJECTS,PATCH,SET-BUCKET-ACL,LIST-BUCKETS,SHOW-CLUSTER,CREATE-BUCKET,DESTROY-BUCKET,MOVE-BUCKET,ADMIN
checksum	 Type: xxhash | Validate: Nothing
created		 2024-01-31T15:42:59-08:00
ec		 Disabled
lru		 lru.dont_evict_time=2h0m, lru.capacity_upd_time=10m
mirror		 Disabled
present		 yes
provider	 aws
versioning	 Disabled

$ ais bucket props show s3://bucket_name lru --compact
PROPERTY	 VALUE
lru		 lru.dont_evict_time=2h0m, lru.capacity_upd_time=10m

$ ais bucket props show s3://ais-abhishek lru
PROPERTY		 VALUE
lru.capacity_upd_time	 10m
lru.dont_evict_time	 2h0m
lru.enabled		 true

Set bucket properties

ais bucket props set [OPTIONS] BUCKET JSON_SPECIFICATION|KEY=VALUE [KEY=VALUE...]

Set bucket properties. For the available options, see bucket-properties.

If JSON_SPECIFICATION is used, all properties of the bucket are set based on the values in the JSON object.

Options

Flag Type Description Default
--force bool Ignore non-critical errors false

When JSON specification is not used, some properties support user-friendly aliases:

Property Value alias Description
access ro Disables bucket modifications: denies PUT, DELETE, and ColdGET requests
access rw Enables object modifications: allows PUT, DELETE, and ColdGET requests
access su Enables full access: all rw permissions, bucket deletion, and changing bucket permissions

Examples

Enable mirroring for a bucket

Set the mirror.enabled and mirror.copies properties to true and 2 respectively, for the bucket bucket_name

$ ais bucket props set ais://bucket_name 'mirror.enabled=true' 'mirror.copies=2'
Bucket props successfully updated
"mirror.enabled" set to:"true" (was:"false")

Make a bucket read-only

Set read-only access to the bucket bucket_name. All PUT and DELETE requests will fail.

$ ais bucket props set ais://bucket_name 'access=ro'
Bucket props successfully updated
"access" set to:"GET,HEAD-OBJECT,HEAD-BUCKET,LIST-OBJECTS" (was:"<PREV_ACCESS_LIST>")

Configure custom AWS S3 endpoint

When a bucket is hosted by an S3 compliant backend (such as, e.g., minio), we may want to specify an alternative S3 endpoint, so that AIS nodes use it when reading, writing, listing, and generally, performing all operations on remote S3 bucket(s).

Globally, S3 endpoint can be overridden for all S3 buckets via “S3_ENDPOINT” environment. If you decide to make the change, you may need to restart AIS cluster while making sure that “S3_ENDPOINT” is available for the AIS nodes when they are starting up.

But it can be also be done - and will take precedence over the global setting - on a per-bucket basis.

Here are some examples:

# Let's say, there exists a bucket called s3://abc:
$ ais ls s3://abc
NAME             SIZE
README.md        8.96KiB

# First, we override empty the endpoint property in the bucket's configuration.
# To see that a non-empty value *applies* and works, we will use the default AWS S3 endpoint: https://s3.amazonaws.com
$ ais bucket props set s3://abc extra.aws.endpoint=s3.amazonaws.com
Bucket "aws://abc": property "extra.aws.endpoint=s3.amazonaws.com", nothing to do
$ ais ls s3://abc
NAME             SIZE
README.md        8.96KiB

# Second, set the endpoint=foo (or, it could be any other invalid value), and observe that the bucket becomes unreachable:
$ ais bucket props set s3://abc extra.aws.endpoint=foo
Bucket props successfully updated
"extra.aws.endpoint" set to: "foo" (was: "s3.amazonaws.com")
$ ais ls s3://abc
RequestError: send request failed: dial tcp: lookup abc.foo: no such host

# Finally, revert the endpoint back to empty, and check that the bucket is visible again:
$ ais bucket props set s3://abc extra.aws.endpoint=""
Bucket props successfully updated
"extra.aws.endpoint" set to: "" (was: "foo")
$ ais ls s3://abc
NAME             SIZE
README.md        8.96KiB

Global export S3_ENDPOINT=... override is static and readonly. Use it with extreme caution as it applies to all buckets.

On the other hand, for any given s3://bucket its S3 endpoint can be set, unset, and otherwise changed at any time - at runtime. As shown above.

Connect/Disconnect AIS bucket to/from cloud bucket

Set backend bucket for AIS bucket bucket_name to the GCP cloud bucket cloud_bucket. Once the backend bucket is set, operations (get, put, list, etc.) with ais://bucket_name will be exactly as we would do with gcp://cloud_bucket. It’s like a symlink to a cloud bucket. The only difference is that all objects will be cached into ais://bucket_name (and reflected in the cloud as well) instead of gcp://cloud_bucket.

$ ais bucket props set ais://bucket_name backend_bck=gcp://cloud_bucket
Bucket props successfully updated
"backend_bck.name" set to: "cloud_bucket" (was: "")
"backend_bck.provider" set to: "gcp" (was: "")

To disconnect cloud bucket do:

$ ais bucket props set ais://bucket_name backend_bck=none
Bucket props successfully updated
"backend_bck.name" set to: "" (was: "cloud_bucket")
"backend_bck.provider" set to: "" (was: "gcp")

Ignore non-critical errors

To create an erasure-encoded bucket or enable EC for an existing bucket, AIS requires at least ec.data_slices + ec.parity_slices + 1 targets. At the same time, for small objects (size is less than ec.objsize_limit) it is sufficient to have only ec.parity_slices + 1 targets. Option --force allows creating erasure-encoded buckets when the number of targets is not enough but the number exceeds ec.parity_slices.

Note that if the number of targets is less than ec.data_slices + ec.parity_slices + 1, the cluster accepts only objects smaller than ec.objsize_limit. Bigger objects are rejected on PUT.

In examples a cluster with 6 targets is used:

$ # Creating a bucket
$ ais create ais://bck --props "ec.enabled=true ec.data_slices=6 ec.parity_slices=4"
Create bucket "ais://bck" failed: EC config (6 data, 4 parity) slices requires at least 11 targets (have 6)
$
$ ais create ais://bck --props "ec.enabled=true ec.data_slices=6 ec.parity_slices=4" --force
"ais://bck" bucket created
$
$ # If the number of targets is less than or equal to ec.parity_slices even `--force` does not help
$
$ ais bucket props set ais://bck ec.enabled true ec.data_slices 6 ec.parity_slices 8
EC config (6 data, 8 parity)slices requires at least 15 targets (have 6). To show bucket properties, run "ais show bucket BUCKET -v".
$
$ ais bucket props set ais://bck ec.enabled true ec.data_slices 6 ec.parity_slices 8 --force
EC config (6 data, 8 parity)slices requires at least 15 targets (have 6). To show bucket properties, run "ais show bucket BUCKET -v".
$
$ # Use force to enable EC if the number of target is sufficient to keep `ec.parity_slices+1` replicas
$
$ ais bucket props set ais://bck ec.enabled true ec.data_slices 6 ec.parity_slices 4
EC config (6 data, 8 parity)slices requires at least 11 targets (have 6). To show bucket properties, run "ais show bucket BUCKET -v".
$
$ ais bucket props set ais://bck ec.enabled true ec.data_slices 6 ec.parity_slices 4 --force
Bucket props successfully updated
"ec.enabled" set to: "true" (was: "false")
"ec.parity_slices" set to: "4" (was: "2")

Once erasure encoding is enabled for a bucket, the number of data and parity slices cannot be modified. The minimum object size ec.objsize_limit can be changed on the fly. To avoid accidental modification when EC for a bucket is enabled, the option --force must be used.

$ ais bucket props set ais://bck ec.enabled true
Bucket props successfully updated
"ec.enabled" set to: "true" (was: "false")
$
$ ais bucket props set ais://bck ec.objsize_limit 320000
P[dBbfp8080]: once enabled, EC configuration can be only disabled but cannot change. To show bucket properties, run "ais show bucket BUCKET -v".
$
$ ais bucket props set ais://bck ec.objsize_limit 320000 --force
Bucket props successfully updated
"ec.objsize_limit" set to:"320000" (was:"262144")

Set bucket properties with JSON

Set all bucket properties for bucket_name bucket based on the provided JSON specification.

$ ais bucket props set ais://bucket_name '{
    "provider": "ais",
    "versioning": {
      "enabled": true,
      "validate_warm_get": false
    },
    "checksum": {
      "type": "xxhash",
      "validate_cold_get": true,
      "validate_warm_get": false,
      "validate_obj_move": false,
      "enable_read_range": false
    },
    "lru": {
      "dont_evict_time": "20m",
      "capacity_upd_time": "1m",
      "enabled": true
    },
    "mirror": {
      "copies": 2,
      "burst_buffer": 512,
      "enabled": false
    },
    "ec": {
        "objsize_limit": 256000,
        "data_slices": 2,
        "parity_slices": 2,
        "enabled": true
    },
    "access": "255"
}'
"access" set to: "GET,HEAD-OBJECT,PUT,APPEND,DELETE-OBJECT,MOVE-OBJECT,PROMOTE,UPDATE-OBJECT" (was: "GET,HEAD-OBJECT,PUT,APPEND,DELETE-OBJECT,MOVE-OBJECT,PROMOTE,UPDATE-OBJECT,HEAD-BUCKET,LIST-OBJECTS,PATCH,SET-BUCKET-ACL,LIST-BUCKETS,SHOW-CLUSTER,CREATE-BUCKET,DESTROY-BUCKET,MOVE-BUCKET,ADMIN")
"ec.enabled" set to: "true" (was: "false")
"ec.objsize_limit" set to: "256000" (was: "262144")
"lru.capacity_upd_time" set to: "1m" (was: "10m")
"lru.dont_evict_time" set to: "20m" (was: "1s")
"lru.enabled" set to: "true" (was: "false")
"mirror.enabled" set to: "false" (was: "true")

Bucket props successfully updated.
$ ais show bucket ais://bucket_name --compact
PROPERTY	 VALUE
access		 GET,HEAD-OBJECT,PUT,APPEND,DELETE-OBJECT,MOVE-OBJECT,PROMOTE,UPDATE-OBJECT
checksum	 Type: xxhash | Validate: ColdGET
created		 2024-02-02T12:57:17-08:00
ec		 2:2 (250KiB)
lru		 lru.dont_evict_time=20m, lru.capacity_upd_time=1m
mirror		 Disabled
present		 yes
provider	 ais
versioning	 Enabled | Validate on WarmGET: no

If not all properties are mentioned in the JSON, the missing ones are set to zero values (empty / false / nil):

$ ais bucket props set ais://bucket-name '{
  "mirror": {
    "enabled": true,
    "copies": 2
  },
  "versioning": {
    "enabled": true,
    "validate_warm_get": true
  }
}'
"mirror.enabled" set to: "true" (was: "false")
"versioning.validate_warm_get" set to: "true" (was: "false")

Bucket props successfully updated.

$ ais show bucket ais://bucket-name --compact
PROPERTY	 VALUE
access		 GET,HEAD-OBJECT,PUT,APPEND,DELETE-OBJECT,MOVE-OBJECT,PROMOTE,UPDATE-OBJECT,HEAD-BUCKET,LIST-OBJECTS,PATCH,SET-BUCKET-ACL,LIST-BUCKETS,SHOW-CLUSTER,CREATE-BUCKET,DESTROY-BUCKET,MOVE-BUCKET,ADMIN
checksum	 Type: xxhash | Validate: Nothing
created		 2024-02-02T12:52:30-08:00
ec		     Disabled
lru   		 lru.dont_evict_time=2h0m, lru.capacity_upd_time=10m
mirror		 2 copies
present		 yes
provider	 ais
versioning Enabled | Validate on WarmGET: yes

Show and set AWS-specific properties

AIStore supports AWS-specific configuration on a per s3 bucket basis. Any bucket that is backed up by an AWS S3 bucket (**) can be configured to use alternative:

  • named AWS profiles (with alternative credentials and/or region)
  • alternative s3 endpoints

For background and usage examples, please see AWS-specific bucket configuration.

(**) Terminology-wise, “s3 bucket” is a shortcut phrase indicating a bucket in an AIS cluster that either (A) has the same name (e.g. s3://abc) or (B) a differently named AIS bucket that has backend_bck property that specifies the s3 bucket in question.

Reset bucket properties to cluster defaults

ais bucket props reset BUCKET

Reset bucket properties to cluster defaults.

Examples

$ ais bucket props reset bucket_name
Bucket props successfully reset

Show bucket metadata

ais show cluster bmd

Show bucket metadata (BMD).

Examples

$ ais show cluster bmd
PROVIDER  NAMESPACE  NAME        BACKEND  COPIES  EC(D/P, minsize)  CREATED
ais                  test                 2                         25 Mar 21 18:28 PDT
ais                  validation                                     25 Mar 21 18:29 PDT
ais                  train                                          25 Mar 21 18:28 PDT

Version:        9
UUID:           jcUfFDyTN